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This material from the 5th edition SRD is published under the OGL

Wizard is a class in 5th edition.

Class Features[edit]

As a Wizard, you gain the following class features.

Hit Points[edit]

Hit Dice: 1d6 per Wizard level
Hit Points at 1st Level: 6 + your
Hit Points at Higher Levels: 1d6 (or 4) + your
modifier per Wizard level after first


Armor: None
Weapons: Daggers, darts, slings, quarterstaffs, and light crossbows
Tools: None
Saving Throws: Intelligence, Wisdom
Skills: Choose 1 from Arcana, History, Insight, Investigation, Medicine, Religion.


You start with the following equipment, in addition to the equipment granted by your background:

Wizard Overview Table[edit]

The Wizard

Level Proficiency
Features Cantrips
Spell Slots per Spell Level
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
1st +2 Spellcasting, Arcane Recovery 3 2
2nd +2 Arcane Tradition 3 3
3rd +2 4 4 2
4th +2 Ability Score Improvement 3 4 3
5th +3 4 4 3 2
6th +3 Arcane Tradition feature 4 4 3 3
7th +3 4 4 3 3 1
8th +3 Ability Score Improvement 4 4 3 3 2
9th +4 4 4 3 3 3 1
10th +4 Arcane Tradition feature 4 4 3 3 3 2
11th +4 5 4 3 3 3 2 1
12th +4 Ability Score Improvement 5 4 3 3 3 2 1
13th +5 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 1
14th +5 Arcane Tradition feature 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 1
15th +5 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 1 1
16th +5 Ability Score Improvement 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 1 1
17th +6 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1
18th +6 Spell Mastery 5 4 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1
19th +6 Ability Score Improvement 5 4 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1
20th +6 Signature Spell 5 4 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1


As a student of arcane magic, you have a spellbook containing spells that show the first glimmerings of your true power. See the general rules of spellcasting and the wizard spell list.


At 1st level, you know three cantrips of your choice from the wizard spell list. You learn additional wizard cantrips of your choice at higher levels, as shown in the Cantrips Known column of the Wizard table.


At 1st level, you have a spellbook containing six 1st-­level wizard spells of your choice. Your spellbook is the repository of the wizard spells you know, except your cantrips, which are fixed in your mind.

Your Spellbook[edit]

The spells that you add to your spellbook as you gain levels reflect the arcane research you conduct on your own, as well as intellectual breakthroughs you have had about the nature of the multiverse. You might find other spells during your adventures. You could discover a spell recorded on a scroll in an evil wizard’s chest, for example, or in a dusty tome in an ancient library.

Copying a Spell into the Book. When you find a wizard spell of 1st level or higher, you can add it to your spellbook if it is of a spell level you can prepare and if you can spare the time to decipher and copy it.

Copying that spell into your spellbook involves reproducing the basic form of the spell, then deciphering the unique system of notation used by the wizard who wrote it. You must practice the spell until you understand the sounds or gestures required, then transcribe it into your spellbook using your own notation.

For each level of the spell, the process takes 2 hours and costs 50 gp. The cost represents material components you expend as you experiment with the spell to master it, as well as the fine inks you need to record it. Once you have spent this time and money, you can prepare the spell just like your other spells.

Replacing the Book. You can copy a spell from your own spellbook into another book—for example, if you want to make a backup copy of your spellbook. This is just like copying a new spell into your spellbook, but faster and easier, since you understand your own notation and already know how to cast the spell. You need spend only 1 hour and 10 gp for each level of the copied spell.

If you lose your spellbook, you can use the same procedure to transcribe the spells that you have prepared into a new spellbook. Filling out the remainder of your spellbook requires you to find new spells to do so, as normal. For this reason, many wizards keep backup spellbooks in a safe place.

The Book’s Appearance. Your spellbook is a unique compilation of spells, with its own decorative flourishes and margin notes. It might be a plain, functional leather volume that you received as a gift from your master, a finely bound gilt-­edged tome you found in an ancient library, or even a loose collection of notes scrounged together after you lost your previous spellbook in a mishap.

Preparing and Casting Spells[edit]

The Wizard table shows how many spell slots you have to cast your spells of 1st level and higher. To cast one of these spells, you must expend a slot of the spell’s level or higher. You regain all expended spell slots when you finish a long rest.

You prepare the list of wizard spells that are available for you to cast. To do so, choose a number of wizard spells from your spellbook equal to your Intelligence modifier + your wizard level (minimum of one spell). The spells must be of a level for which you have spell slots.

For example, if you’re a 3rd-level wizard, you have four 1st-level and two 2nd-level spell slots. With an Intelligence of 16, your list of prepared spells can include six spells of 1st or 2nd level, in any combination, chosen from your spellbook. If you prepare the 1st-level spell magic missile, you can cast it using a 1st-level or a 2nd-level slot. Casting the spell doesn’t remove it from your list of prepared spells.

You can change your list of prepared spells when you finish a long rest. Preparing a new list of wizard spells requires time spent studying your spellbook and memorizing the incantations and gestures you must make to cast the spell: at least 1 minute per spell level for each spell on your list.

Spellcasting Ability[edit]

Intelligence is your spellcasting ability for your wizard spells, since you learn your spells through dedicated study and memorization. You use your Intelligence whenever a spell refers to your spellcasting ability. In addition, you use your Intelligence modifier when setting the saving throw DC for a wizard spell you cast and when making an attack roll with one.

Spell Save DC = 8 + your proficiency bonus + your Intelligence modifier

Spell attack modifier = your proficiency bonus + your Intelligence modifier

Ritual Casting[edit]

You can cast a wizard spell as a ritual if that spell has the ritual tag and you have the spell in your spellbook. You don’t need to have the spell prepared.

Spellcasting Focus[edit]

You can use an arcane focus as a spellcasting focus for your wizard spells.

Learning Spells of 1st Level and Higher[edit]

Each time you gain a wizard level, you can add two wizard spells of your choice to your spellbook. Each of these spells must be of a level for which you have spell slots, as shown on the Wizard Overview table. On your adventures, you might find other spells that you can add to your spellbook.

Arcane Recovery

You have learned to regain some of your magical energy by studying your spellbook. Once per day when you finish a short rest, you can choose expended spell slots to recover. The spell slots can have a combined level that is equal to or less than half your wizard level (rounded up), and none of the slots can be 6th level or higher.

For example, if you’re a 4th-level wizard, you can recover up to two levels worth of spell slots. You can recover either a 2nd-level spell slot or two 1st-level spell slots.

Arcane Tradition

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When you reach 2nd level, you choose an arcane tradition, shaping your practice of magic through one of eight schools: Abjuration, Conjuration, Divination, Enchantment, Evocation, Illusion, Necromancy, or Transmutation. Additional traditions have been added from additional sources.

Your choice grants you features at 2nd level and again at 6th, 10th, and 14th level.

Arcane Traditions

This section exceeds the text of the SRD

The study of wizardry is ancient, stretching back to the earliest mortal discoveries of magic. It is firmly established in the worlds of D&D, with various traditions dedicated to its complex study.

The most common arcane traditions in the multiverse revolve around the schools of magic. Wizards through the ages have cataloged thousands of spells, grouping them into eight categories called schools. In some places, these traditions are literally schools. Elsewhere, they are more like academic departments, with rival faculties competing for students and funding. Even wizards who train apprentices in the solitude of their own towers use the division of magic into schools as a learning device, since the spells of each school require mastery of different techniques. (14 official and unofficial arcane traditions.)

Arcane TraditionFeaturesSummarySource
School of AbjurationAbjuration Savant, Arcane Ward, Projected Ward, Empowered Abjuration, Spell ResistanceFocuses on abjurationsPlayer's Handbook (5e)
AlchemistAlchemist Specialization, True Seeing, Wish, Convert Energy DamageThe alchemist tradition focuses on zone control and energy.Franken Kesey
BladesingingRestriction Eves Only, Training in War and Song, Bladesong, Extra Attack, Song of Defense, Song of VictoryThis elven only tradition focuses on using a sword as a focus.Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide
School of ConjurationConjuration Savant, Minor Conjuration, Benign Transposition, Focused Conjuration, Durable SummonsThis school focuses on conjuration, the bringing things or creature into being (or transfer thereof)Player's Handbook (5e)
School of DivinationDivination Savant, Portent, Expert Divination, The Third Eye, Greater PortentThis school focuses on divination, discovery and understanding spellsPlayer's Handbook (5e)
School of EnchantmentEnchantment Savant, Hypnotic Gaze, Instinctive Charm, Split Enchantment, Alter MemoriesThis school focuses on enchantment, the manipulation of other's will.Player's Handbook (5e)
School of EvocationEvocation Savant, Sculpt Spells, Potent Cantrip, Empowered Evocation, OverchannelThis tradition focuses on magic that creates powerful elemental effectsSRD5
School of IllusionIllusion Savant, Improved Minor Illusion, Malleable Illusions, Illusory Self, Illusory RealityThis school focuses on illusion, the manipulation of the sensesPlayer's Handbook (5e)
School of NecromancyNecromancy Savant, Grim Harvest, Undead Thralls, Inured to Undeath, Command UndeadThis school focuses on necromancy - withering, disease, and deathPlayer's Handbook (5e)
SummonerSummoning Specialization, Summon Humanoids, Summoning Restoration, Quick SummoningThe summoner tradition focuses on summoning and manipulating creatures.Rlyehable
TechnomancyBonus Proficiencies, Technological Savant, Program Spell, Online Casting, Chained DeviceThis tradition focuses on the magic of technologyUA Modern Magic
TheurgyDivine Inspiration, Arcane Initiate, Channel Arcana, Arcane Acolyte, Arcane Priest, Arcane High PriestThis tradition draws its power from the Gods of Magic (Loki, Circle, etc.)UA Non-Divine Faithful SFG
School of TransmutationTransmutation Savant, Minor Alchemy, Transmuter's Stone, Shapechanger, Master TransmuterThis school focuses on transmutation, the changing one thing into anotherPlayer's Handbook (5e)
War MagicArcane Deflection, Tactical Wit, Power Surge, Durable Magic, Deflecting ShroudThis tradition focuses on casting in combatXanathar's Guide to Everything

Ability Score Improvement

See the Ability Score Improvement article for full details. When you reach 4th level, and again at 8th, 12th, 16th, and 19th level, you can use this feature.

Spell Mastery

At 18th level, you have achieved such mastery over certain spells that you can cast them at will. Choose a 1st-level wizard spell and a 2nd-level wizard spell that are in your spellbook. You can cast those spells at their lowest level without expending a spell slot when you have them prepared. If you want to cast either spell at a higher level, you must expend a spell slot as normal.

By spending 8 hours in study, you can exchange one or both of the spells you chose for different spells of the same levels.

Signature Spell

When you reach 20th level, you gain mastery over two powerful spells and can cast them with little effort. Choose two 3rd-level wizard spells in your spellbook as your signature spells. You always have these spells prepared, they don’t count against the number of spells you have prepared, and you can cast each of them once at 3rd level without expending a spell slot. When you do so, you can’t do so again until you finish a short or long rest.

If you want to cast either spell at a higher level, you must expend a spell slot as normal.

Related Articles[edit]


Back to Main Page5e System Reference DocumentClass

Facts about "Wizard"
AuthorSRD5 +
Canontrue +
FeaturesSpellcasting +, Arcane Recovery +, Arcane Tradition +, Ability Score Improvement +, Spell Mastery + and Signature Spell +
Hit Die1d6 +
Length20 +
PublicationSRD5 +
SaveIntelligence + and Wisdom +
SkillArcana +, History +, Insight +, Investigation +, Medicine + and Religion +
SummaryWizards use formulas of word, gesture, and components to produce magic. +
TitleWizard +